STUDD, Francis Cyril Robert

Studd, FCRLieutenant Colonel, The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) attd. 22nd (Tyneside Scottish) Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers

Born

February 1881
Second son of Edward Fairfax Studd and Evelyn Studd of Oxton, Exeter.

Education

Blundell's School, “School House” from the age of 11; January 1893 - Summer 1890.
He left with a Sandhurst Cadetship.

Service

From Blundell’s he passed directly into Sandhurst. He received a commission in 1900 in the Buffs, in which regiment he was Major at the time of his death, but held acting rank of Lt. Col. in the Northumberland Fusiliers. He was twice mentioned in dispatches and had been awarded the DSO.

The Offensive

The Salient was formed during the First Battle of Ypres in October and November 1914. The Second Battle of Ypres began in April 1915 when the Germans released poison gas into the Allied lines north of Ypres. This was the first time gas had been used by either side and the violence of the attack forced an Allied withdrawal and a shortening of the line of defence.

There was little more significant activity on this front until 1917, when in the Third Battle of Ypres an offensive was mounted by Commonwealth forces to divert German attention from a weakened French front further south. The initial attempt in June to dislodge the Germans from the Messines Ridge was a complete success, but the main assault north-eastward, which began at the end of July, quickly became a dogged struggle against determined opposition and the rapidly deteriorating weather. The campaign finally came to a close in November with the capture of Passchendaele.

Death

13th April 1918.
Killed by a shell which fell on his dugout in France killing two or three other officers and wounding the remainder.

Surviving Family

He had married at St. Andrew’s Church, Kenn, Exeter on 24th October 1914, Edith Julia the daughter and only child of the late F.A. Short of Bickham, and leaves one daughter.

Burial/Commemoration

Lt. Col. Studd has no known grave so is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial, Ypres, Belgium (Flanders); Panel 2.

Memorial

Ploegsteert Memorial to the Missing stands in Berks Cemetery Extension 12km south of Ypres on the N363 between Ypres and Messines.  It commemorates 11,000 servicemen who died in this sector but have no known grave. Those men commemorated on this memorial did not die in major offensives - these are commemorated elsewhere - but they died in day to day trench warfare which characterised this part of the line. The memorial was designed by H. Charlton Bradshaw, with sculpture by Gilbert Ledward.

Research

Commonwealth War Graves Commission - www.cwgc.org: Studd F C R
Public Records Office, National Archives, Kew: Medal Rolls: WO372/
“Cemeteries & Memorials in Belgium & Northern France” (2004) Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 5/127
“The Register of Blundell's School, Part II 1882 – 1932” (1932) MAHOOD, A.S., Ed. Entry No. 4280
“The Blundellian”, 1914 November, p121

 

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